A homeowner’s association (HOA) is an organization in a subdivision, planned community that makes and enforces rules for the properties within its jurisdiction. The purchase of the property automatically makes the homeowner a member of the HOA and dues are required. Board members are elected to enforce the rules for the community.

Each board member should know the sections of their state law that apply to HOAs. He or she must also follow faithfully the governing documents of the association. Board members must be familiar with the declaration or CC&Rs, the bylaws, and other controlling documents which form a contract among the homeowners within the HOA